A surgery called a hymenoplasty repairs the hymen to mimic its original, virginal state, before a woman was sexually active. Because of the strong religious convictions surrounding the importance of virginity in some cultures, this is among the most controversial of cosmetic vaginal surgeries. Some surgeons are marketing a procedure called clitoral unhooding, which removes the tissue that normally covers the clitoris. The front wall of the vagina, some experts believe, holds the highly erotic G-spot, an especially sensitive stimulation site for female arousal and orgasm. The g-spot amplification procedure involves injecting collagen into the front wall of the vagina, theoretically to increase pleasure. Risks of Vaginoplasty and Labiaplasty women's long-term satisfaction and complication rates from vaginoplasty and labiaplasty have not been tracked. Further, because these surgeries have not been evaluated in peer-reviewed medical journals the way other surgeries have been - some procedures are proprietary and trademarked - acog considers them "unproven." The risks of vaginal cosmetic surgery include: Infection Permanent changes in sensation Ongoing pain Scarring.

vulvar reconstruction the asps itself does not endorse particular surgeries and cautions that "vaginal rejuvenation" surgery may need further scientific study to determine efficacy and success. None of the cosmetic vaginoplasty surgeries are considered accepted, routine procedures by acog. Here are some examples of "vaginal rejuvenation" and "designer vagina" procedures: "revirgination. the hymen, the thin tissue at the entrance to the vagina, normally "breaks" the first time a woman has intercourse.

Cosmetic Surgery, in order to decide if you should consider vaginoplasty or labiaplasty, its important to understand the difference between reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery. Reconstructive surgery improves the function of a productos body part, while cosmetic surgery changes the aesthetics of essentially normal anatomy. You can think best of it like a nose job : a surgeon can restructure the interior nasal cavities to help you breathe better or reshape the nose, just for the sake of appearances. It's a critical distinction, because the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists evaluates surgeries and outcomes to fix functional problems, such as urinary incontinence. But acog remains skeptical and cautious about cosmetic vaginal surgery due to its risks and lack of scientific data on safety and effectiveness. Some vaginoplasty procedures, for instance, were originally developed as reconstructive surgeries to repair birth defects when the vagina was malformed, too short, or absent (such as in vaginal agensis so that a girl could grow up to have normal urination, menstruation, and intercourse. Surgeries Related to vaginoplasty and Labiaplasty. More recently, vaginoplasty has grown into a group of cosmetic surgeries marketed as "vaginal rejuvenation" and "designer vagina" procedures. Plastic surgeons and gynecologists are marketing their own array of designer vaginoplasty surgeries, claiming the same benefits to women as with other cosmetic surgeries, such as beauty, self-esteem, and confidence. Continued, in fact, says acog, women's genitals naturally have a wide range of normal appearances that are anatomically correct. There's no one "look" or right way for a vagina and labia to be formed.

vulvar reconstruction

Vulvar-Vaginal Reconstruction : Background, Problem


Vaginoplasty is a procedure that aims to "tighten up" a vagina that's become slack or loose from vaginal childbirth or aging. Some surgeons claim it can even improve sensitivity - a claim the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (acog) has strongly challenged. While it's true that vaginal tissues can stretch, surgically tightening the vaginal tissue in itself cannot guarantee a heightened sexual response, since desire, arousal, and orgasm are complex, highly personal responses, conditioned as much by emotional, spiritual, and interpersonal factors as aesthetic ones. In addition, sexual "sensitivity" doesn't automatically lead to more pleasure huisje - it can actually lead to pain. Labiaplasty, plastic surgery on the labia (the lips" surrounding the vagina can be performed alone or with vaginoplasty. Surgery can be performed on the labia major (the larger, outer vaginal lips or the labia minor (the smaller, inner vaginal lips). Labiaplasty changes the size or shape of the labia, typically making them smaller or correcting an asymmetry between them.

Medscape Clinical Procedures


In a sentinel lymph node biopsy, your surgeon removes only the first few nodes into which a tumor drains (sentinel nodes). Lymph nodes removed during a mastectomy are then tested for cancer. If no cancer is present, no further lymph nodes need be removed. If cancer is present, the surgeon will discuss options, such as radiation to your armpit. If this is what you decide to do, no further lymph nodes will need to be removed. Removing all of the breast tissue and most of the lymph nodes is called a modified radical mastectomy. Newer mastectomy techniques remove less tissue and fewer lymph nodes.

vulvar reconstruction

Stop taking aspirin or other blood-thinning medication. A week moerbeibes or longer before your surgery, talk to your provider about which medications to avoid because they can increase your risk of excessive bleeding. These include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, motrin ib, others) and other pain relievers, and blood-thinning medications (anticoagulants such as warfarin (Coumadin, jantoven). Don't eat or drink 8 to 12 hours before surgery. You'll receive specific instructions from your health laser care team. Prepare for a hospital stay. Ask your doctor how long to expect to stay in the hospital.

Bring a robe and slippers to help make you more comfortable in the hospital. Pack a bag with your toothbrush and something to help you pass the time, such as a book. What you can expect A mastectomy is an umbrella term used for several techniques to remove one or both breasts. In addition, the surgeon may also remove nearby lymph nodes to determine whether the cancer has spread. During an axillary node dissection, the surgeon removes a number of lymph nodes from your armpit on the side of the tumor.

List of Gynecological Disorders Under


Buildup of blood in the surgical site (hematoma). How you prepare, meet with your surgeon to discuss your options. Before your surgery, you'll meet with a surgeon and an anesthesiologist to discuss your operation, review your medical history and determine the plan for your anesthesia. This is a good time to ask questions and to make sure you understand the procedure, including the reasons for and risks of the surgery. One issue to discuss is whether you'll have breast reconstruction and when.

One option may be to have the reconstruction done immediately after your mastectomy, while you're still anesthetized. Breast reconstruction may involve: Using breast expanders with saline or silicone implants. Using your body's own tissue (autologous tissue reconstruction). Using a combination of tissue reconstruction and implants. Breast reconstruction is a complex procedure performed by a plastic surgeon, also called a reconstructive surgeon. If you're planning breast reconstruction at the same time as a mastectomy, you'll meet with the plastic surgeon before the surgery. Preparing for your surgery you'll be given instructions about any restrictions before surgery and other things you need to know, including: Tell your doctor about any medications, vitamins or supplements you're taking. Some substances could interfere with the surgery.

Mastectomy - mayo clinic

You might also consider a mastectomy if you don't have breast cancer, but have a very natuur high risk of developing the disease. A preventive (prophylactic) or risk-reducing mastectomy involves removing both of your breasts laser and significantly reduces your risk of developing breast cancer in the future. A prophylactic mastectomy is reserved for those with a very high risk of breast cancer, which is determined by a strong family history of breast cancer or the presence of certain genetic mutations that increase the risk of breast cancer. Request an Appointment at mayo clinic. Risks, risks of a mastectomy include: Bleeding, infection, pain, swelling (lymphedema) in your arm if you have an axillary node dissection. Formation of hard scar tissue at the surgical site. Shoulder pain and stiffness, numbness, particularly under your arm, from lymph node removal.

vulvar reconstruction

Archives of Plastic Surgery

You've previously had radiation treatment to the breast region and the breast cancer has recurred in the breast. You're pregnant and radiation creates an unacceptable risk to your unborn child. You've had a lumpectomy, but cancer is still present at the edges (margin) of the operated area and there is concern about cancer extending to elsewhere in the breast. You carry a gene mutation that gives you a high risk of developing a second cancer in your breast. You have make a large tumor relative to the overall size of your breast. You may not have enough healthy tissue left after a lumpectomy to achieve an acceptable cosmetic result. You have a connective tissue disease, such as scleroderma or lupus, and may not tolerate the side effects of radiation to the skin. Mastectomy to prevent breast cancer.

Surgery to restore shape to your breast — called breast reconstruction — may be done at the same time as your mastectomy or during a second operation at a later date. Why it's done, a mastectomy is used to remove all line breast tissue if you have breast cancer or are at very high risk of developing. You may have a mastectomy to remove one breast (unilateral mastectomy) or both breasts (bilateral mastectomy). Mastectomy for breast cancer treatment, a mastectomy may be a treatment option for many types of breast cancer, including: Ductal carcinoma in situ (dcis or noninvasive breast cancer. Stages i and ii (early-stage) breast cancer. Stage iii (locally advanced) breast cancer — after chemotherapy. Inflammatory breast cancer — after chemotherapy. Paget's disease of the breast, locally recurrent breast cancer, your doctor may recommend a mastectomy instead of a lumpectomy plus radiation if: you have two or more tumors in separate areas of the breast. You have widespread or malignant-appearing calcium deposits (microcalcifications) throughout the breast that have been determined to be cancer after a breast biopsy.

Richard Agag, md - new

Overview, a mastectomy is surgery to remove all breast tissue from a breast as a way to treat or prevent breast cancer. For those serum with early-stage breast cancer, a mastectomy may be one treatment option. Breast-conserving surgery (lumpectomy in which only the tumor is removed from the breast, may be another option. Deciding between a mastectomy and lumpectomy can be difficult. Both procedures are equally effective for preventing a recurrence of breast cancer. But a lumpectomy isn't an option for everyone with breast cancer, and others prefer to undergo a mastectomy. Newer mastectomy techniques can preserve breast skin and allow for a more natural breast appearance following the procedure. This is also known as skin-sparing mastectomy.

Vulvar reconstruction
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